The Villa Romana del Casale is a Roman villa from about 300 AD. The villa is located close to the town of Piazza Armerina, in the center of Sicily. The villa is best known for the many, very well preserved floor mosaics with hunting scenes, gods and heroes and the so-called bikini girls. The first excavations of the Villa Romana del Casale took place in 1881, commissioned by the town council of Piazza Armerina. A landslide roamed the Villa Casale under a thick layer of sand until the excavations began in the 19th century. That’s is also the reason the mosaics are kept so well. It was not until the 1950s that the entire villa was brought to light. The villa was initially exposed to the open air, but since a few years it is completely covered with a frame of steel and transparent plastic plates. Almost all rooms of the Villa Romana del Casale have mosaics on the floor. In total, this involves approximately 3,500 square meters of floor space. Most mosaics have been well preserved. Each mosaic stone or glass particle is about 1×1 cm in size. The hunting scenes are the best known, as are the so-called bikini girls: the oldest image in the world of women in a bikini. They seem to perform all kinds of strength sports or gymnastics exercises. Partly because of these mosaics, the Villa Romana del Casale was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997.